The reconstruction era and its effects

Radical Reconstruction In Baltimore on May 19,20, participants celebrate the ratification of the 15th Amendment.

The reconstruction era and its effects

Origins of Reconstruction

Some, who had naively assumed that ending slavery would resolve the problem Of racial inequality, overlooked the prejudice and unpleasant leaning towards blacks. One of the main purposes of Lincoln plan for Reconstruction was that all slaves be freed.

However, this only pertained to those states which, after that date, came under the military control of the Union Army. It did not concern slaves in states such as Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, Missouri and parts of Virginia and Louisiana, that were already occupied by Northern troops.

This illustrates Lincoln agenda to have as many African Americans as possible enlist in the Union Army.

Redeemers - Wikipedia

Under Lincoln plan, for a state to be permitted back in the union, voters had to take an oath of loyalty. Fonder comments that Lincoln did not recognize emancipation as a social revolution or believe that Reconstruction would bring about social ND political changes outside of abolishing of slavery President Lincoln was assassinated in April 1 for what was a direct correlation to his freeing of slaves.

President Lincoln was a very The reconstruction era and its effects man in that he knew by freeing the slaves, it would further his cause to get the nation under his control.

Andrew Johnson succeeded Lincoln for the Presidency after Lincoln unfortunate assassination. Joy moons continued Lincoln moderate policies after Lincoln assassination, but ratification in the South of the Black Codes and demand in the North for stricter legislation, resulted in victories for Radical Republicans in the congressional elections of 1 Senate and Mattson 1 The Black Codes were a new form of slavery that forced restrictions on freed slaves such as barring their right to vote, forbidding them to sit on juries, limiting their right to testify against whites, carrying weapons in public and working in certain jobs.

President Johnson vetoed numerous bills in reference to equality for freed slaves. Despite these acts, control over Southern state governments was steadily restored when organizations such as the UK Klux Klan were able to terrify blacks from voting in elections Senate and Mattson When he disregarded their input they attempted to impeach him in but failed by one vote.

Radicals such as Ben Butler even endeavored to make a connection between Johnson and the murder of Lincoln Bowers The 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments had been added to the Constitution by the end of and resulted in the promises of abolishing slavery made by Lincoln in Emancipation Proclamation.

Just for a slight moment was Lincoln goal realized before the acts of then President Johnson attempted to strip away Lincoln foundation for freedom. Before Lincoln was assassinated he managed to get the thirteenth amendment passed in House after it failed to do so in The thirteenth amendment abolished slavery and involuntary servitude and was the first grant of civil rights given to African Americans thirteenth Amendment: As a result of the Civil Rights Bill and the Fourteenth Amendment, permitted African Americans the power to make their own labor contracts and commence lawsuits, and delegated upon the federal government the power to protect equal rights and citizenship to all its citizens.

Beginning in 1Congress passed Reconstruction Acts that permitted Black males who had been slaves the right to vote and hold public office.

Johnson vetoed the Reconstruction bill when it reached his desk on March 2,but Congress was swiftly overrode his veto and passed it into law Bowers Meaner was elected to the House of Representatives from Louisiana UT was barred from assuming his seat in Congress by white members.

Meaner made history by becoming the first Black American to ever address Congress while defending his claim for the seated he rightfully deserved Dray Rained a native of South Carolina, momentarily owned a slave and served in the Confederate Army Dray He was a minister and newly appointed senator that like Meaner, had o fight for his seat in Congress Dray Revels was admired for his overestimated skills and he used those skills to fight efforts to keep Washington D.

The reconstruction era and its effects

Schools segregated and to assist black workers from being barred from working in the Washington D. Radical Republicans such as Senator Charles Sumner of Massacre guests and Congressman Thatched Stevens of Pennsylvania fought for bills that would help the freed slaves assimilate into the American society and achieve equal rights with their white citizens Dray Stevens was largely known for his role in engineering he impeachment of President Johnson.

There were three static integrated to eradicate African American voters from the polls; criminal convictions, poll taxes and literacy tests. Of course this law still applies today to criminals but when you look at the times these devices were put into place and the racist people who judge these men, you have to wonder if some had committed any crimes at all.

The main issue with this tactic is that whites that had committed the same crimes were permitted the right to vote which goes directly against the Fifteenth Amendment. The poll taxes was a very clever idea in that if you African Americans wanted to vote, they had to pay the tax nine months earlier and keep the receipt when they came to the polls.

This tactic was the most unjust out of the three; why the Southern states would chose a timeshare Of nine months in advance to pay the poll tax but who is going to be able to keep a receipt in excellent condition let alone still have possession after nine months.

The last ploy used was that a potential voter had to exhibit that he could read ND understand sections of the state constitution Senate and Mattson This makes sense because if someone sins familiar with the state constitution they are voting on, then why are they voting.The Wars of Reconstruction: The Brief, Violent History of America's Most Progressive Era [Douglas R.

Egerton] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. By , just five years after Confederate surrender and thirteen years after the Dred Scott .

Historical Eras

Yes, there are Ulysses S. Grant, Robert E. Lee, and the other obvious heroes of the Civil War. But there are also many names you may never have heard of. Reconstruction refers to the period following the Civil War of rebuilding the United States.

It was a time of great pain and endless questions. On what terms would the Confederacy be allowed back into the Union? Who would establish the terms, Congress or the President? The Reconstruction Era and Its Effects on Slavery with and After President Lincoln.

The Reconstruction Era and its effects on Slavery with and after President Lincoln The Reconstruction Era which followed the Civil War was a period marked by a severe effort to re-establish a depleted and distraught society.

The war, which was aimed at. > The Reconstruction Era and Its Effects The Reconstruction Era and Its Effects The war, which was aimed at confronting the national dilemma of slavery, only led to subsequent problems over emancipation and an undefined condition of freedom.

The Reconstruction Era and its effects on Slavery with and after President Lincoln The Reconstruction Era which followed the Civil War was a period marked by a severe effort to re-establish a depleted and distraught society.

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