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Luther was baptized the next morning on the feast day of St.
His family moved to Mansfeld inwhere his father was a leaseholder of copper mines and smelters  and served as one of four citizen representatives on the local council; in he was elected as a town councilor. He sent Martin to Latin schools in Mansfeld, then Magdeburg inwhere he attended a school operated by a lay group called the Brethren of the Common Lifeand Eisenach in Luther later compared his education there to purgatory and hell.
Reason could not lead men to God, he felt, and he thereafter developed a love-hate relationship with Aristotle over the latter's emphasis on reason.
Human beings could learn about God only through divine revelationhe believed, and Scripture therefore became increasingly important to him. Later telling his father he was terrified of death and divine judgment, he cried out, "Help!
Saint AnnaI will become a monk! He left university, sold his books, and entered St. Augustine's Monastery in Erfurt on 17 July Luther himself seemed saddened by the move. Those who attended a farewell supper walked him to the door of the Black Cloister.
He said, "I lost touch with Christ the Savior and Comforter, and made of him the jailer and hangman of my poor soul. He taught that true repentance does not involve self-inflicted penances and punishments but rather a change of heart.
Invon Staupitz, first dean of the newly founded University of Wittenbergsent for Luther, to teach theology. He was made provincial vicar of Saxony and Thuringia by his religious order in This meant he was to visit and oversee each of eleven monasteries in his province.
The Latin inscription above informs the reader that the original door was destroyed by a fire, and that inKing Frederick William IV of Prussia ordered a replacement be made.
InJohann Tetzela Dominican friar and papal commissioner for indulgenceswas sent to Germany by the Roman Catholic Church to sell indulgences to raise money in order to rebuild St. Peter's Basilica in Rome. On 31 OctoberLuther wrote to his bishop, Albrecht von Brandenburg, protesting the sale of indulgences.
He enclosed in his letter a copy of his "Disputation of Martin Luther on the Power and Efficacy of Indulgences", which came to be known as the Ninety-five Theses. Hans Hillerbrand writes that Luther had no intention of confronting the church, but saw his disputation as a scholarly objection to church practices, and the tone of the writing is accordingly "searching, rather than doctrinaire.
Peter with the money of poor believers rather than with his own money? Christians, he said, must not slacken in following Christ on account of such false assurances.
Luther's writings circulated widely, reaching France, England, and Italy as early as Students thronged to Wittenberg to hear Luther speak.
He published a short commentary on Galatians and his Work on the Psalms. This early part of Luther's career was one of his most creative and productive. Justification by faith alone Main article: Sola fide "Luther at Erfurt", which depicts Martin Luther discovering the doctrine of sola fide.
Painting by Joseph Noel Paton From toLuther lectured on the Psalms, and on the books of Hebrews, Romans, and Galatians. As he studied these portions of the Bible, he came to view the use of terms such as penance and righteousness by the Catholic Church in new ways.
He became convinced that the church was corrupt in its ways and had lost sight of what he saw as several of the central truths of Christianity.
The most important for Luther was the doctrine of justification —God's act of declaring a sinner righteous—by faith alone through God's grace.
He began to teach that salvation or redemption is a gift of God's graceattainable only through faith in Jesus as the Messiah. This teaching by Luther was clearly expressed in his publication On the Bondage of the Willwhich was written in response to On Free Will by Desiderius Erasmus Luther based his position on predestination on St.
Paul's epistle to the Ephesians 2: Against the teaching of his day that the righteous acts of believers are performed in cooperation with God, Luther wrote that Christians receive such righteousness entirely from outside themselves; that righteousness not only comes from Christ but actually is the righteousness of Christ, imputed to Christians rather than infused into them through faith.
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Martin Luther was born to Hans Luder (or Ludher, later Luther) and his wife Margarethe (née Lindemann) on 10 November in Eisleben, County of Mansfeld in the Holy Roman iridis-photo-restoration.com was baptized the next morning on the feast day of St.
Martin of iridis-photo-restoration.com family moved to Mansfeld in , where his father was a leaseholder of copper mines and smelters and served as one of four .