Lack of exclusive breastfeeding among infants months of age and no breastfeeding among children months of age are associated with increased diarrhea morbidity and mortality in developing countries.
Surgical experiments[ edit ] Throughout the s, J. Marion Simswho is often referred to as "the father of gynecology ", performed surgical experiments on enslaved African women, without anaesthesia.
Seeing a research opportunity, he cut open her head, and inserted needle electrodes into her exposed brain matter. When the needle entered the brain substance, she complained of acute pain in the neck. In order to develop more decided reactions, the strength of the current was increased Very soon, the left hand was extended as if in the act of taking hold of some object in front of her; the arm presently was agitated with clonic spasm; her eyes became fixed, with pupils widely dilated; lips were blue, and she frothed at the mouth; her breathing became stertorous; she lost consciousness and was violently convulsed on the left side.
The convulsion lasted five minutes, and was succeeded by a coma. She returned to consciousness in twenty minutes from the beginning of the attack, and complained of some weakness and vertigo.
Bartholow's research report  InDr. Arthur Wentworth performed spinal taps on 29 young children, without the knowledge or consent of their parents, at the Children's Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts to discover whether doing so would be harmful.
Leo Stanley, chief surgeon at the San Quentin Prisonperformed a wide variety of experiments on hundreds of prisoners at San Quentin. Many of the experiments involved testicular implants, where Stanley would take the testicles out of executed prisoners and surgically implant them into living prisoners.
In other experiments, he attempted to implant the testicles of ramsgoatsand boars into living prisoners. Stanley also performed various eugenics experiments, and forced sterilizations on San Quentin prisoners. A review of the medical literature of the late 19th and early 20th centuries found more than 40 reports of experimental infections with gonorrheal culture, including some where gonorrheal organisms were applied to the eyes of sick children.
Army doctors in the Philippines infected five prisoners with bubonic plague and induced beriberi in 29 prisoners; four of the test subjects died as a result. He did this without the consent of the patients, and without informing them of what he was doing.
All of the subjects became sick and 13 died. Vincent's House orphanage in Philadelphia, causing permanent blindness in some of the children and painful lesions and inflammation of the eyes in many of the others.
In the study, they refer to the children as "material used". Knowles released a study describing how he had deliberately infected two children in an orphanage with Molluscum contagiosum —a virus that causes wartlike growths—after an outbreak in the orphanage, in order to study the disease.
Hideyo Noguchi of the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research injected hospital patients some of whom were children with syphilis. He was later sued by the parents of some of the child subjects, who allegedly contracted syphilis as a result of his experiments. In the experiment, impoverished black males who had syphilis were offered "treatment" by the researchers, who did not tell the test subjects that they had syphilis and did not give them treatment for the disease, but rather just studied them to chart the progress of the disease.
Bypenicillin became available as treatment, but those running the study prevented study participants from receiving treatment elsewhere, lying to them about their true condition, so that they could observe the effects of syphilis on the human body.
By the end of the study inonly 74 of the test subjects were alive. The study was not shut down untilwhen its existence was leaked to the press, forcing the researchers to stop in the face of a public outcry. It may save you much trouble if you publish your paper The Journal is under constant scrutiny by the anti-vivisectionists who would not hesitate to play up the fact that you used for your tests human beings of a state institution.Apr 05, · Recent food, fuel, and financial crises have amplified the importance of strong social safety nets to reduce poverty and vulnerability.
Safety nets help poor people by boosting their incomes, increasing school attendance, improving nutrition, encouraging the use of health services, and providing job opportunities.
Background. Tench is an invasive fish native to Europe and western Asia. It was introduced across the United States in the late 19 th century for use as a food and sport fish.
Tench were brought to a Quebec fish farm illegally in and escaped into the Richelieu River, a tributary of the St. Lawrence River. Researchers in the United States have performed thousands of human radiation experiments to determine the effects of atomic radiation and radioactive contamination on the human body, generally on people who were poor, sick, or powerless.
Most of these tests were performed, funded, or supervised by the United States military, Atomic Energy Commission, or various other U.S.
federal government. Agriculture in Victoria. Victoria has 29, agricultural businesses employing 91, people. The state's temperate climate, high quality soils and clean water help the industry produce $ billion of agricultural product from 12 million hectares.
The effects of cannabis are caused by the chemical compounds in the plant, including cannabinoids, such as tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is only one of more than different cannabinoids present in the plant.
Cannabis has various psychological and physiological effects on the human body.. Different plants of the genus Cannabis contain different and often unpredictable concentrations of.
Articles from African and/or alternative sources, covering 10 topics, 4 regions and 4 countries.