The art objects include serene, solid, and stark images of Jinas that are a perfect foil for the rich palette of painted Jain cosmographs, illustrated manuscript folios, and sacred diagrams—also part of the catalogue and the exhibition.
Namas Taare ture viire Over my years of meditation on the goddess-Bodhisattva Tara, she has provided me with Refuge and, guiding star that she is, given me a direction by which to steer.
I write this in the hope Conquerors or jinas essay others may also learn something of her friendly light. As with any Buddhist meditation figure, an exploration of Taaraa's origins and development must take into account her multi-faceted nature.
It also needs to acknowledge her capacity to function on many different levels and appear in many different forms, according to the needs and level of understanding of the devotee. The desirability of understanding Taaraa on different levels is further embodied in her mantra, O.
A traditional explanation of the mantra is that its variant uses of her name represent three progressive stages of deliverance or salvation.
Taare represents deliverance from mundane suffering; tuttaare represents deliverance into the spiritual path conceived in terms of individual salvation; and ture represents the culmination of the spiritual path in terms of deliverance into the altruistic path of universal salvation - the Bodhisattva path.
As part of our exploration of this fascinating figure and how she may have developed, we will examine first the significance of her name and personal symbols before looking at her beginnings, both mythical and historical. The development will include an examination of the influences on her of the cults of the stellar goddess and the goddess of forest and wind.
We will conclude with an attempt to understand the significance of Taaraa's vow to work for the benefit of sentient beings in the form of a woman.
It may be that Taaraa's emergence and widespread popularity need to be seen in the context of a shift in emphasis in later Mahaayaana and Vajrayaana practice towards an ideal of non-dualistic androgyny and a re-valorisation of those qualities more associated with the 'feminine'.
Paali and Sanskrit dictionaries generally define the word taaraa as 'star' or 'planet' and it may be etymologically related to the English word 'star'.
A derivative of the same word means 'the pupil of the eye', suggesting the idea of a focal point, which further gives us the idea of Taaraa being in some manner a very concentrated essence. However, the more popular approach in Buddhism is to interpret Taaraa's name as coming from the causative form of the verb t.
So we reach the idea of 'she who ferries across', 'she who saves' or 'a saviouress'. Taaraa herself is supposed to have sung at one time: When only my names are recollected, I always protect all beings, I, O Saviour, shall ferry them across the great flood of their manifold fears.
Therefore the great Seers sing of me in the world under the name of Taaraa. Aside from her female form, Taaraa's most common identifying symbols, throughout variations of her form or iconography, are the utpala blue lotus and the vara and vitarka mudraas. Sitataaraa White Taaraa with her white lotus is an exception to this, though interestingly the four-armed version is usually described as carrying an utpala.
The utpala opens at sunset, blooms and releases its fragrance with the appearance of the moon, with which it is associated, just as the padma, the day lotus, is associated with the sun.
Because of its prolonged life it is also taken as a symbol of longevity. Along with the red lotus of Avalokite'svara, the blue lotus of Taaraa promises relief from suffering by day and by night. Taaraa's supple right hand is outstretched in boundless giving - the vara or varada mudraa.
Her left hand is in vitarka mudraa not the abhaya mudraa as is sometimes thought, though Taaraa's mudraa may have developed from the abhaya mudraa of Durgaa. All the fingers extend upward, except the ring finger which bends to touch the tip of the thumb. Vitarka is usually translated as 'reflection' or 'initial application', and this gesture of Taaraa's is sometimes described - not helpfully - as 'argument'.
In our age, so the ancient stories say, the Bodhisattva Avalokite'svara, Regarder of the Cries of the World, looked down in compassion on the pain of humanity.The lives of four Jinas – Rishabha, Parshva, Nemi, and Mahavira – are also touched upon in Robert J.
Del Bontà’s essay on the late medieval Digambara murals from Shravanabelgola in Karnataka and Tiruparuttikunram in Tamil Nadu. Introduction And Background To Alexander The Great History Essay. Print Reference this.
Published: 23rd March, World conquerors don't come much grander than Alexander the Great.
Together with Genghis Khan and Tamerlane, the King of Macedon sits at the top table of history's greatest empire-builders. If you are the original writer of. home about wbr editorial board contact us current issue back issues donations submissions subscriptions links: Tara: Her Origins and Development.
By Dharmachari Purna. Hinduism, Bhuddism, Jainism, Sikhism Jainism gets its name from the jinas, who are spiritual “conquerors” who have reached ultimate freedom and perfection. The jinas include 24 spiritual leaders called tirthankaras, or “ford-makers.” Join Essayworld today to view this entire essay and over 50, other term papers.
The religion derives its name from the jinas ("conquerors"), a title given to twenty-four Shot quickie cum brunette great teachers. Details of Jain Meditation The word Jainism comes from the creative writing for eight year olds Sanskrit word for saint "jinah" which dreives from "Jayati" meaning "he Thus he was more a reformer of an existing.
Jainism, stemming from a succession of 24 Jinas (“conquerors”) is now a religious belief with followers constituting a minority in modern India and scattered patches in .