A history of the great fire of london in 1666

Its closest rival in size was Bristol with a population of only 30,

A history of the great fire of london in 1666

Site Map The Great Fire of London raged for five devastating days Most people have heard of the Great Fire of Londonit grips the imagination and so it should, it was the most devastating fire, in terms of destruction than any since.

Not even the terrible Blitz of London destroyed as many buildings. A surprising amount of detail is contained in contemporary writings by people such as Pepys and Evelyn and from parliamentary papers where the city is described in contextual terms. Documents such as Hearth Tax returns tell us about the size and range of buildings.

London before the fire It was a small urbanized area ofsouls inof whom over a fifth died of the plague in the year before the great fire.

It was a congested, cobbled together city, with insanitary living conditions created by the filth from slaughter houses, industrial processes and human waste, all of which found its way onto the streets. London in about before the Great Fire It was a city that had just witnessed the execution of an English king, Londoners stood for Parliament and so it was an uneasy time in the city after the restoration of King Charles II in King Charles himself felt unsettled in the capital, which very possibly orchestrated his behaviour after the fire.

Around the country there were agitators and revolt and demonstration were common. The bubbling cauldron of Puritan and papist sentiments was constantly close to boiling over. Life and industry had spilled out from the confines of the city walls themselves, to the east and north the artisans plied their trade, to the west, the luxury villas were built.

In the city itself, churches, public buildings and homes jostled for space in streets, alleys, lanes and yards. Space was so tight that the buildings were stacked higher, timber on timber in a higgledy — piggledy fashion.

The wharves were stacked with fuel, coal and other sulphurous materials, getting ready for the onset of Winter. Any fire, with an easterly wind could wreck havoc through the timber built city.

Fire was not uncommon in the city, it was up to the population, under guidance from the constables and beadles to put them out.

Grappling hooks were used to drag timber frame buildings to the ground, to create fire breaks but of course it depended on people getting to the fire fast enough in order to control it.

A Papist Plot Many wrote of the visions people had had concerning the fire itself but for all of these a real plot to burn the city was uncovered in April The leaders were caught arrested and executed but their leader, Robert Danvers, escaped.

Too conclude then, London in September could be seen as a virtual and real tinderbox, any spark at any time could have set the whole ablaze and very sadly it did in the early hours of Sunday 2nd September. The wharves were packed with combustible goods, pitch and tars, coal and timber.

To the north of the quayside in Pudding Lane, a small fire set itself in a bakehouse. The fire was discovered at about two in the morning, the city was asleep and slow to react when the alarm was raised. A brisk east wind whipped down the Thames and despite the efforts of those who stirred themselves this fire took charge and jumped the firebreaks.

At one in the morning, there happened to break out a sad deplorable fire in Pudding Lane, near Fish Street Hill, which was falling out at that hour of the night, and in a quarter of the town so close built with wooded pitched houses, spread itself so far before the day….

London Gazette No 85 King Charles arrived to inspect the scene and ordered the Duke of York to place his troops and take control of the city. People were panicking, grabbing their belongings and desperately moving towards the river to place themselves and their goods on barges.

The troops were in place to try and prevent looting and riot. By Monday the fire had advanced west of the Fleet River and Cornhill. Firebreaks were created but the fire was leaping them. More and more troops and militia were called to assist.

By Tuesday the fire had moved out of the city, leaping the Fleet River and was heading towards the wealthier west end and the royal residences. St Pauls was destroyed as was the Guildhall, gun powder saved the Tower of London. By Tuesday night the wind had dropped and the firefighters began to gain control of the fire.

Over the next few days they brought it under control and on Friday it had been extinguished.was a watershed year for England. An outbreak of the Great Plague, the eruption of the second Dutch War, and the devastating Great Fire of London all struck the country in rapid succession and with devastating repercussions.

The Great Fire of London How did people in find out about the fire? If there was a large fire in London today how would people find out about it? In this first map of Great Fire , players can explore the whole of City of London from before the Great Fire of London.

A history of the great fire of london in 1666

The people of London who had managed to survive the Great Plague in must have thought that the year could only be better, and couldn’t possibly be worse!. Poor souls they could not have imagined the new disaster that was to befall them in Here are some interesting facts about the devastating fire, called The Great Fire of London, which pretty much destroyed most of England’s capital city in Here are some interesting facts about the devastating fire, called The Great Fire of London, which pretty much destroyed most of England’s capital city in Most of the houses in London at the time of the Great Fire of London were made of timber (wood).

They were very closely packed together and London’s streets [ ].

Great Fire of London begins - HISTORY